About Turkey. Currency used in Turkey: Turkish lira (TRY) Languages used in Turkey: Turkish is the official language. Visa requirements to visit Turkey: Click here to get complete and latest updated Turkey visa information : Safety tips for travelling in Turkey
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In earlier times, Turkey was quite calm and secure. However, there have been bomb blasts at crowded place recently. Be conscious of your surroundings and maintain a low profile. Demonstrations are very common in Turkey due to different political issues. Though such demonstrations are meant to be calm, they turn violent sometimes. Thus, avoid places where such events are taking place. Petty crimes such as pick-pocketing and theft are prevalent. Take care of important documents such as Passports and Visa, and leave the passport in the hotel itself if possible. If unknown people offer to exchange money, or try to sell any commodity, do not comply. It is probably a trick to rob you off your money.   Emergency contact numbers in Turkey: Police contact number in Turkey: 155 Ambulance number in Turkey: 112 Fire brigade number in Turkey: 110 NOTE: Please refer to trusted sources of news in Turkey and consult travel agents for latest and updated information before visiting Turkey. : Health tips to consider while visiting Turkey
What are the mandatory vaccinations required to enter Turkey? DPT- diphtheria/pertussis/tetanus MMR- measles/mumps/rubella Poliovirus vaccines NOTE: Tourists need to consult a travel agent for latest and updated information on required vaccination prior to their departure to visit Turkey. Other optional but recommended Vaccination for Travellers visiting Turkey: Hepatitis-A Hepatitis-B Typhoid Rabies- especially for those who will outdoors for longer time. Other health risks: Malaria, H1N1 and Dehydration. What type of Health Insurance is valid for Tourists or Visitors in Turkey? Consult your medical service provider for the facilities related to the medical terms that will they cover emergency expenses. Modern Medical facilities are available with the good quality of medicines. In some cased may be serious condition or diseases may not be cured. In the situation of any emergency or illness, cash payments may be required NOTE: Tourists or Visitors need to consult medical travel insurance providers and/or travel agents to know details about insurance policy limitations in Turkey and whether it covers all expenses or not in case of medical emergency during your stay in Turkey. Health tips while travelling to Turkey: Carry full medical prescription and the basic medicines which can be used in general like: stomach ache, joint pains etc. But must cross check the drugs which you carrying with you may be banned in that country. Prevent insect bites. Sanitize your hands always. Drink bottled water only. NOTE: While you are recommended to carry prescription from home country some medicines may not be legal or available in Turkey. Travellers are recommended to consult a travel agent and medical advisers for alternative medicines in Turkey. : Customs followed in Turkey
What is the etiquette for meeting in Turkey? Shaking hands while meeting is pretty common. It is not mandatory to do so while taking leave. In Turkey, people who are closely related or are friends are greeted with one or a couple of kisses on the cheek. Elders are greeted by kissing on the hand and then placing the senior person’s hand on the younger person’s head. If no one initiates a greeting with you in a sudden, go to the senior most person and greet him. Otherwise, greet the person who is physically closest to you and go on greeting people around the place in the anti-clockwise direction. Using the Islamic greeting ‘AsalamuAlaikum’ is acceptable. Keep knowledge of phrases of common use such as Nasilsiniz (How are you?), Gunaydin (Good Morning), IyiGunler (Good day), and MemnunOdlum (Pleased to meet you). What is the proper etiquette for gift giving in Turkey? Gift giving is not very popular among Turks. Instead, they prefer hosting dinners and taking their guests for sight-seeing. However, you can gift items to them preferably something from your own country. Give gifts with alcoholic contents only when you are sure that your host drinks. On the other hand, it is totally alright to present gifts when offered an invitation to a Turk’s residence. Your gift can range from sweets, especially the Baklava, to home decoration items. You can gift flowers too but they have to be of the appropriate type. Get good quality candy for the children of the household. What is the proper etiquette for eating in Turkey? Dinners, including business ones, may mostly take place in restaurants. Turks enjoy such gatherings with good conversation. According to protocol in Turkey, the host always pays for the meal. You must let him pay and then invite him to dinner yourself later. This will be seen as a good gesture. There may or may not be alcohol during dinner. Raky is the locally famous type of drink. The main course will almost always include fish or meat, along with salad and a type of bread. The people may stop between courses to smoke. Tea or Turkish coffee will be given to you at the end of the meal along with pastries. It is very exquisite and should be relished slowly. Don’t go till the end of the cup as it will contain ground coffee. Things you should know before going to Turkey? Keep knowledge about the heritage and culture of the country before going there. Despite of being a Muslim country, it follows the principle of democracy and secularism. Sunday is officially a holiday. However, people may still take leave for going to the mosque on Fridays. Turkey is the perfect blend of Islamic Tradition and modern beliefs. Foreigners should keep that in mind and respect their Islamic traditions. People work in groups and the idea of Individualism is not much celebrated. Developing good relations with people in Turkey will prove helpful. Priority is given to family matters ahead of work. Thus, companies here are flexible with work when it comes to the person’s family. Foster a feeling of Loyalty among your friends and acquaintances in Turkey. A person who is related to the employer will get precedence over a stranger when applying for a job. People in Turkey are not very stringent when it comes to Timings and deadlines. Foreign counterparts should adjust to this culture change. They regard education as a factor that determines the status and respect you will receive. : Business etiquette to follow in Turkey
How to dress for a business meeting in Turkey? Business officials dress in a conservative manner. The dress should include a suit along with a tie. Women should be clothed in smart and professional attire. However, the cities of Ankara, Istanbul and Izmir are very humid and warm in climate. Thus, it is acceptable to not include suits and ties in these cities. While the urban cities are pretty lax when it comes to dressing, you should dress very conservatively in the rural areas. Women should avoid keeping their arms and legs uncovered. Also, women’s clothing shouldn’t be skin-tight. Men should refrain from wearing shorts too. How to greet or address a professional in Turkey? You should possess the virtue of politeness while conversing with Turks. Learn basic Turkish greeting words. In business arenas, shaking hands is the most common type of greeting. Elders are given foremost importance. You should ask for elderly people when needing advice or opinion over some matter. Though Turks are very affectionate, it is highly inappropriate for couples to engage in kissing and touching in public places. Be aware of the different words used for saying Goodbye, depending on who is speaking. Names of Turkish people can be broken down into three parts. The first name is derived from a relative or grandparent, which is used only in official documents. The second name is the actual name given to a person, while the third is the family name, passed on from the father. Women change their third names to their husband’s third names after marriage. While addressing someone, use their second and third names along with Bey (Mr.) in case of a man, and Hanim (Ms.) in case of a woman. Another title used is Sayin, which is only used while writing. What is the etiquette for a business meeting in Turkey? Make appointments before you meet someone through telephone, with an advance period of one or two weeks. Refrain from taking appointments during the months of July and August, because most Turks take holidays during that time. They should also not be sought during the holy month of Ramadan. You should be on time always. However, you would be kept waiting in some cases. Before doing business with strangers, Turks will try to get to know those people. Thus, don’t expect to talk about business in the first meeting itself. Fist meetings should consist of small talk. If you have referential documents, keep them in both Turkish and English languages. If you decide to do a presentation, it should be elaborate and well- researched. Use lots of visual aids such as charts, tables, and diagrams. What is the proper way to communicate in Turkey? A lot of information may be passed on by your Turkish counterparts through non-verbal hints. Pay attention to that and remember the context of the conversation. To avoid being blunt, Turks may beat around the bush and use euphemism while talking. Be kind while talking, and don’t criticise people while doing so. They will display emotions while communicating. Do not feel awkward or get offended.   : Customs followed in Turkey